Reproduced with permission of ASIC's MoneySmart website.
Getting by on a low income can be tough. Here are some places to start to make things a little easier.
This information is written for people living in Australia, however, there may be similar organizations in the country you live in who can help you with money issues.
- Do you have a budget?
When there's not much coming in, you have to be completely aware about what you do have. Budgeting and checking your bank statements will show you exactly what you earn, and how you're spending it. Use MoneySmart's budget planner or the budget planner on SendMoneyPacific.
Maximise your entitlements
Depending on your circumstances you may be able to get financial support. There are often government agencies you can go to for help and to check if you are getting all of your entitlements. In Australia these are useful contacts:
- • For income support payments and other government benefits, contact the Department of Human Services.
- • For help with raising a family, contact the Family Assistance website.
If you want to check how much child support you should be receiving contact the Department of Human Services
Find a bank account or loan that suits you
Shop around for bank accounts, credit cards and personal loans
In Australia, some financial institutions offer basic bank accounts with:
- No account keeping fees
- Free monthly statements
- No minimum deposit amounts
- No overdrawn fees
You can find which financial institutions offer these basic bank accounts on the Australian Bankers' Association's Affordable Banking website.
Consider a No or low interest loan
The No Interest Loans Scheme (NILS®) is designed for people in Australia on low incomes who need safe, fair and affordable access to credit. The scheme offers loans of up to $1,200 and there are no interest charges or fees. For more information see how no interest loans work.
Find out if you're eligible for a savings program
Some charitable organisations in Australia help low income earners with their saving goals. See programs for low income earners.
Smooth out your bills
Do you find that some months are more expensive than others due to big bills, birthdays or unexpected events? Here's how you can smooth out the ups and downs of your expenses.
Mark your calendar
Gather together as many of your bills and bank or credit card statements as you can. (This is also the first step in creating a budget.) Highlight the big bills that come less often, like electricity, home contents insurance or school expenses.
Then work out what day or month each bill is usually due. Mark each bill on your calendar or yearly planner, together with birthdays and periodic events.
Set aside some money
Add up how much your big bills cost in total for the year. If you wish, add an extra amount for gifts and celebrations. Work out how much this is per pay or benefit period (for example, per fortnight).
Put this amount aside each time you are paid (you may like to set up a separate high interest, low fee account for these savings). Then you will have the money ready to cover the next big bill or special event.
Ask about bill smoothing
Contact your utilities provider (gas, electricity, water) and ask about 'bill smoothing'. See if you can arrange to make fortnightly or monthly payments to them, instead of having to pay the whole bill in one go. MoneySmart also has great tips on how to save on electricity and water and negotiate with your utility provider if you are behind on your bills.
If you live in Australia and receive a Centrelink payment from the Department of Human Services, ask about Centrepay. This is a direct bill-paying service offered free to Department of Human Services customers. A small sum is taken out of your payment each fortnight to cover your bills. It's a way of managing your bills that can help make things less stressful.
To compare energy offers visit the Australian Government's Energy Made Easy website.
Get help if you need it
Learning to manage your money can seem difficult when you don't have a lot to start with, but help is always available. Here is some information on financial counsellors who provide free assistance for people in financial difficulty in Australia. They can show you how to budget, manage your debts and help you deal with other money problems.
The Australian Department of Human Services has a free Financial Information Service (FIS) that can provide general help with your finances such as budgeting or preparing for retirement. You don't need to be a customer of the Department of Human Services to access the service. Call 13 23 00 to talk to a FIS officer.
If you're in a crisis and need emergency relief or emotional support, see the urgent money help webpage on ASIC's MoneySmart website.
Living on a low income is challenging. But there are things you can do to help you feel a bit more financially secure.