Tuesday, 11 December 2018
Natural Disasters in the Pacific – the Role of the World Food Programme (WFP)
The Pacific is one of the most vulnerable regions to natural hazards in the world – and climate-related disasters are increasing the threat. Of the 20 states with the highest average disaster losses scaled by GDP, eight are Pacific Island Countries. Average direct losses due to natural disasters in the South Pacific are estimated at US$284 million per year. In the medium to longer term, climate-related disasters are expected to increase in number and scale, especially in relation to El Niño/La Niña cycles – with their small land size, remoteness, and fragile ecosystems, this creates significant challenges in managing risks related to natural disasters.
In 2015-2016, the World Food Programme (WFP) mounted three major emergency response operations in the region: Vanuatu (Tropical Cyclone Pam), Fiji (Tropical Cyclone Winston) and Papua New Guinea (El Niño drought).
WFP’s Pacific office, based in Suva, Fiji, coordinates activities under its Asia-Pacific Emergency Preparedness and Response Strategy, which from 2019 will include the Cook Islands, Fiji, the Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, Nauru, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, the Marshall Islands, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu.
WFP’s Pacific mandate lies squarely in the area of Preparedness, and thus aims to strengthen the capacities and capabilities of Pacific Island Countries’ National Disaster Management Offices to prepare for and respond to disasters, in line with the organization’s global mandate and its obligations as cluster lead agency in the areas of food security, logistics and emergency telecommunications.
Emergency preparedness and response
WFP Pacific is engaged in several elements of emergency preparedness and response, which allows them and their partners to be effective, efficient and timely when crises erupt. This includes Inter-Agency support and coordination; coordination in emergencies through the Logistics, Food Security and Emergency Telecommunication Clusters, operational information management and Lessons Learned knowledge management. It is their goal that the vulnerable population in Pacific Island countries receive appropriate, coordinated, timely and uninterrupted assistance from their governments and partners before, during and after disasters.
WFP common logistics services
This includes regional engagement in the planning of emergency facilities and in gap analysis; and updating of national-level Logistics Capacity Assessments (LCAs). It also encompasses the Pacific Emergency and Response Logistics (PEARL) project - an initiative aimed at standardising humanitarian logistics training through the delivery of a regionally accredited higher education programme.
WFP conducts extensive regional food security vulnerability analysis and mapping, which helps to determine what kind of assistance is most appropriate in each context. Activities also include rapid assessment training workshops for national actors; the compilation of food security data sets and food security profiling for each Pacific Island Country – with the end goal of building disaster resilience.
Country capacity strengthening
Upon government request, WFP Pacific works to develop the capacity and knowledge of national authorities, staff and stakeholders at country-level to coordinate, design and lead preparedness, response, and resilience actions in its cluster lead areas of Logistics, Food security and Emergency Telecommunications.